What Does Biohazard Cleanup Entail?

Biohazard cleanup includes cleaning and sanitizing contaminated areas. Contaminants include bodily fluids, animal waste, hoarding, and chemical spills. Biohazard cleanup requires the skills and experience of a professional. Here’s what you can expect from the process from start to finish. 

What’s a Biohazard?

Biohazard is short for “biological hazard.” It is when any biological material poses a risk to human and animal health. Microorganisms, viruses, and toxins cause biohazards. In addition, there are different categories of biohazards based on how harmful they are and who is most at risk. As a result, the CDC’s classification system determines biohazard levels.

  • Level 1 – These biohazards cause a minimal threat to humans and may only cause them to get slightly sick. An example of this would be E.coli.
  • Level 2 – These kinds of biohazards can cause a moderate amount of harm to humans. The most notable example from this one is HIV.
  • Level 3 – This level includes high-risk pathogens that are airborne. For example, tuberculosis is a level 3 threat.
  • Level 4 – This level is the most dangerous. These are life-threatening pathogens with no known treatment. For example, Ebola is level 4.

Common examples of biohazards include:

  • Human bodily fluids – Including saliva, blood, amniotic fluid, and more. 
  • Medical waste – Including tissue samples, laboratory cultures, and byproducts of surgeries and autopsies.
  • Animal carcasses and droppings – These can contain airborne viruses and bacteria. Also, carcasses can attract disease-carrying pests like rodents and insects.
  • Mold and fungi – Airborne spores can cause neurological, respiratory, and other illnesses.
  • Viruses and bacteria – Can survive outside of their host and cause harm to those around them.

Common Examples of Biohazard Cleanup

Biohazard cleanup is necessary any time a traumatic event occurs. This means that a biohazard cleanup team would be responsible for cleaning up any blood, organs, body parts, or human tissue at the scene of a crime. They do this by first containing the area so there’s no cross-contamination with a nearby area. Next, the area is cleaned. Once the ATP level is zero, the area is fully clean. 

The Stages of Biohazard Cleanup

There are four stages of biohazard cleanup: 

  1. Initial Cleanup – In this stage, the cleanup crew physically removes any biological material, such as blood and body parts, and any other items that may have been infected, such as furniture and carpets. 
  2. Decontamination – Once the biohazardous materials are removed, the area is sanitized with medical-grade cleaners and sanitizing agents. This kills remaining pathogens.
  3. Deodorizing –  The smell is then removed with commercial-grade deodorizing agents. When done properly, there should be no trace of the odors after the fact.
  4. Restoration – Since things like carpets and walls are affected by a biohazard scene, a restoration company can come in and restore your property to a good condition, without a trace of what was there before.

Why Should You Hire A Professional To Clean Your Biohazard?

Biohazard cleanup is serious. You should always seek the help of a professional when it comes to your biohazard cleanup needs. They have the professional equipment and cleaners to be able to clean the site. Plus, they also know how to keep it clean. They also wear protective equipment, which can keep you safe. 

Why You Should Hire PNW Restoration For Your Biohazard Cleanup

If you’re in need of biohazard cleanup, call Portland, Oregon’s PNW Restoration. We follow strict industry guidelines and protocols. Our specialists are in compliance with local, state, federal, and OSHA regulations, among others. We will clean up and decontaminate trauma/biohazard sites from your property. Our Rapid Response team is available 24/7 for your biohazard cleanup needs. Call at (971) 247-3597 for more information or to set up an appointment. We serve the Portland area. 

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